What religion did the Calusa tribe follow? Two weeks after my seventh birthday, a five hundred pound stone bench arrived at our house, marking the beginning of my fascination for indigenous culture, beliefs and music. See more ideas about native american, native american tribes, indian history. The Calusa people were an important tribe of Florida, where they formerly held the southwest coast from about Tampa Bay to Cape Sable and Cape Florida, together with all the outlying keys, and extending inland to Lake Okeechobee. One of the most popular Native American sports was lacrosse. These Indians of the Everglades were labeled as Seminoles, which comes from the Spanish word Cimarron meaning 'wild', or 'escaped slave'. Rituals were believed to link the Calusa to their spirit world (Art by Merald Clark.) • CALOOSAHATCHEE (noun) Meaning: A river in southern Florida that flows westerly to the Gulf of Mexico; forms the western end of the Cross-Florida Waterway. These are all important things to consider when discovering the ways in which the religions between the Calusa and Iroquois differed. The Calusa were a tribe full of warriors. Along the southwest Gulf coast lived the Calusa (Caloosa) Indians. © AskingLot.com LTD 2021 All Rights Reserved. The Calusa Indians were originally called the "Calos" which means "Fierce People." 83). ¿Cuáles son los 10 mandamientos de la Biblia Reina Valera 1960? Click to see full answer. They also claimed authority … 3). 3). They believed that a person’s pupil, shadow, and reflection possessed power. The game was played with a ball that was passed around using sticks with nets attached to the end. A large game of stickball or lacrosse (Ball-play of the Choctaw by George Catlin) Lacrosse One of the most popular Native American sports was lacrosse. They were governed by the tribal chief, a military leader, and a chief priest. As time went on, the Calusa became a community with highly regarded and civilized social structures incorporated with religion and rituals. While both groups of Indian people had religious beliefs, their leaders were chosen differently, and their leaders also interpreted messages from their deities in different ways. ( Florida Museum / Zachary Randall) Non-Agricultural Civilization Rewrites History Their gods were living all around them. Get it as soon as Tue, Aug 18. If their cacique was not knowledgeable in the areas of all things religious, then it meant he would be destroyed as a leader, “his reason for existence” would be stripped away from him (MacMahon, pg. 83). Change ), Looking into the lives of Native American Indians, 1) Calusa v. Iroquois: Leadership and Family Units, 4) European Influence on Leadership and Family Units, 6) European Influence on Religious Beliefs, Comparing the changes amongst the Iroquouis and the Calusa. They were fierce fighters and accomplished seamen, paddling their dugout canoes around the Florida coast. These are all important things to consider when discovering the ways in which the religions between the Calusa and Iroquois differed. Perhaps one of the most important aspects of the Calusa Indians religious beliefs is the fact that they placed a great amount of importance on their cacique. The Calusa Indians were located in current day, “southern end of the Florida peninsula” (Dormer, pg. Chumash Tribe Facts: The Chumash Name. Although this thesis depends on historical evidence, its primary objective is to use archaeology to explore unrecorded dimensions of Spanish-Calusa interaction. The cacique (in the Calusa tribe) and the shaman (in the Iroquois tribes) also had different ways of gaining information from their deities. He lived in the 16th century, as European warfare and germs began killing off the tribe. In addition to these three gods, the Calusa also believed that each person had three souls (MacMahon, pg. I was an only child growing up so I pretty much played by myself. Calusa population had been reduced to perhaps 2,000 by that time. Calusa, North American Indian tribe that inhabited the southwest coast of Florida from Tampa Bay to Cape Sable and Cape Florida, together with all the outlying keys. Historic sources reveal that they were a warlike people who econo­mically and politically dominated most of southern Florida (Fig. What were the aims of the Calusa project. The Calusas were one of the few North American Indian tribes who were ruled by a hereditary king. T he Calusa king Caalus, perched high on his throne in his grand house, watched as Pedro Menendez de Aviles, the first governor of La Florida, arrived with his … What did Native Americans use shells for? Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The Calusa may have been the only ancient people in North America who established a kingdom without practicing agriculture. The Calusa tribe died out in the late 1700s. They were prone to having epileptic seizures, dreams, and visions…among other things (Dixon, pg. Previous indigenous cultures had lived in the area for thousands of years. Artist’s conception of Calusa people preparing for fishing in the estuary (Art by Merald Clark.) Ais & Mayaimi Each Ais town had its own leader referred to by a native word that the Spanish translated as “cacique” and the English as “casseekey.”These leaders were most likely the heads of the most respected matrilineal families or clans in their villages. The Calusa also believed that the three souls were the pupil of a pers… These spiritual leaders were said to have characteristics that would be quite evident to those around them. Being a cacique meant that the individual was required to have intricate knowledge about information regarding the spiritual beliefs of the Calusa peoples. Calusa religious ceremonies far outshone Spanish Christian rituals in color and splendor. The name Chumash refers to several groups of California Indians who originally lived near the south-central coast of California, including the Channel Islands, and who spoke similar languages. The Calusa Indians believed that three gods existed (Dormer, pg. According to eyewitness accounts, in 1566 over 4,000 people gathered to witness ceremonies in which the Calusa king made an alliance with Spanish governor Menéndez de Avilés. Because of their closeness to the water the Calusa Indians were easily able to gather things such as seashells, fish, and other coastal items that north-eastern tribes did not have easy access to (MacMahon, pg. Calusa influence and control also extended over other tribes in southern Florida, including the Mayaimi s around Lake Mayaimi (now Lake Okeechobee), and the Tequesta s and Jaegas on the southeast coast of the peninsula. The Calusa tribe was one of many talents, as they caught various things to make up their diet, they created canal systems, they even created their own nets for fishing! 7). Consequently, they were able to survive on Sanibel and Captiva for hundreds of years, however, not without threat. The Calusa controlled most of southern Florida, and it is believed the tribe may have grown to up to 50,000 people at one point. Hernando de Escalante Fontaneda, a Spaniard held captive by the Calusa in the 16th century, recorded that Calusa meant "fierce people" in their language. Schell, Rolfe F. 1,000 years on Mound Key; the story of the Caloosa Indians on West Coast Florida, centering around Ft. Myers Beach and its surrounding bay waters. This is still a popular sport today. Each god had a specific role that they were responsible for. Subsequently, one may also ask, what did the Calusa tribe trade? The Calusa also journeyed to Cuba and other Caribbean islands, trading in fish, skins, and amber. Calusa: Religion; Native: The Calusa (/ k ə ˈ l uː s ə / kə-LOO-sə) were a Native American people of Florida's southwest coast. In this way, what is the Calusa tribe known for? Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. The Calusa also believed that three supernatural beings ruled the universe.12They believed that humans had three souls, and that souls migrated to animals after death. Fish bone and scales, such as this fragment of a mullet scale found in a watercourt, revealed which species Calusa were capturing. See more ideas about florida, native american, native american tribes. Big Cypress Indian Reservation is the largest, but the Hollywood Reservation is where the seat of the Seminole government is located. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. 2). The Calusa Tribe Tocobaga. Caalus was king or high chief of the Calusa people of Florida during the 16th century. They had three specific deities that they believed their cacique interpreted for. For this reason it was imperative that the cacique be well versed in all things religious! The Seminole Tribe of Florida and the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida are two of three federally recognized Seminole nations, along with the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma. Each soul was connected to a certain part of the body, “One is the little pupil of the eye; another is the shadow that each one casts; and the last is the image of oneself that each sees…in a calm pool of water” (MacMahon, pg. Their estimated population in 1650 was 3,000 living in 50 villages. The Calusa led by Caalus is a custom civilization by Sukritact. This cycle would continue, with the soul moving to smaller and smaller bodies, until it eventually reaches, “the point of being reduced into nothing (MacMahon, pg. The tribe, whose name means ‘The Fierce Ones,’ were notorious warriors and did very well for themselves. Calusa beliefs included a trinity of governing spirits. 1 Overview 1.1 The Calusa 1.2 Caalus 1.2.1 Dawn of Man 2 Unique Attributes 3 Strategy 4 Music 5 Mod Support 5.1 Events and Decisions 5.1.1 Initiate Canal Construction 5.1.2 Begin Salvage Operations 6 Full Credits List The Calusa were a Native American people of Florida's southwest coast. Elaborate wood carvings were common in the Calusa Tribe. Classified under: Nouns denoting natural objects (not man-made). They still lived in their homeland and exerted influence on neighboring polities as late as 1698, long after the ravages of European diseases, forced labor, and warfare had devastated North Florida populations. They claimed more or less authority also over the tribes of the east coast, north to about Cape Canaveral. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. There were a strong tribe, so other civilizations had difficulty defeating them to gain control of the land. They claimed more or less authority also over … An important tribe of Florida, formerly holding the southwest coast from about Tampa Bay to Cape Sable and Cape Florida, together with all the outlying keys, and extending inland to Lake Okeechobee. They were descendants of Paleo-Indians who inhabited Southwest Florida approximately 12,000 years ago. "Calusa" is pronounced "ka LOOS a". Children's Religion Books ... 1-16 of 70 results for "Calusa Indians" The Calusa and Their Legacy: South Florida People and Their Environments (Native Peoples, Cultures, and Places of the Southeastern United States) by Darcie A. Macmahon and William H. Marquardt | Dec 31, 2004. The Calusa lived from at least A.D. 1000 up to the middle of the 18th century in what are now south­west Florida’s Lee, Charlotte, and Collier counties. 4.3 out of 5 stars 10. The shaman within the tribes had the potential to be female, however they were predominately male (Dixon, pg. CALUSA JEAGA ANIMALS TEQUESTA - KEYS TIMUCUA TOCOBAGA MORE INDIAN PAINTINGS SEMINOLE ... which is what I saw while I was among these Indians. Conflicts with Europeans and other tribes caused them to seek new lands to live in peace. The Calusa Indians and the people of the Iroquois tribes may have agreed about the existence of deities, however they did not agree on every aspect regarding these higher beings. Drying rack deerskin loin cloth worn by the men of both tribes. FREE Shipping by Amazon. The greatest and most powerful god controlled the weather, sun, moon, and stars. Calusa influence extended over most of south Florida in the sixteenth century. They believed that people had three souls-in a person's eye, shadow, and their reflection in the water. 1). Fish bone and scales, such as this fragment of a mullet scale found in a watercourt, revealed which species Calusa were capturing. The cacique (in the Calusa tribe) and the shaman (in the Iroquois tribes) also had different ways of gaining information from their deities. Religion and the rituals that came along with them also differed among Indian tribes. ( Log Out /  26-nov-2014 - Explora el tablero de Sonangely Ruiz "calusa" en Pinterest. The tribe's reservation is the Colusa Rancheria, also known as the Cachildehe Rancheria.It is located in Colusa County, California and was founded in 1907. The Calusa had an established religion and practiced human sacrifice, and many temples were found built upon mounds. I asked my Mom if she remembered my friend Calusa she said yes and then recalled some of the story when were hanging out one day. Festivals were also held, one for each god (Dormer, pg. There are six Seminole Tribe of Florida reservations across the state of Florida. Different tribes had different names for the sport including stickball, bump hips, kabucha, and little brother of war. First off,the Clausa were somtimes called the Shell people There are two federally recognized Indian tribes in Florida today. It is documented that their power and influence extended over several other tribes in the area. Calusa Written accounts by Spanish missionaries, shipwreck survivors, and chroniclers help us to imagine the Calusa people who built and lived upon the massive artificial shell constructions of southwestern Florida.The cultural traditions of the Calusa were deeply rooted in Estero Bay, Charlotte Harbor and neighboring areas. The Calusa resisted all attempts to convert them to Christianity, remaining true to their own beliefs. The Iroquois, on the other hand, placed the shaman at the head of all things spiritual. The Timucua believed that the world is inhabited by spirits, demons, and gods that tried to influence people. Large animals became extinct in Florida around 11,000 years ago. They had three specific deities that they believed their cacique interpreted for. 7). ARTIFACTS & OBJECTS The Calusa king, or head chief, was an absolute ruler. Enemy Indian tribes from Georgia and South Carolina began raiding the Calusa territory. 2). Many Calusa were captured and sold as slaves. The Legend of the Calusa Many people believe that the Calusa made a trip to Cuba in their canoes and traded with the Mayans. All his subjects had to obey his commands. Definition of CALUSA in the Definitions.net dictionary. There were two divisions of Creeks: the Muskogee, who were known as the Upper Creeks, and the Hitchiti and Alabama, who were known as … People of influence: Chief Carlos. The position of the shaman was passed down similar to the way in which the position of sachem was passed on. 7). Reservation. The Calusa Indians believed that supernatural forces controlled the Earth. To emphasize the strength of this Shaman, I placed him in bright sunlight in contrast to the dark squall line approaching. The Calusa believed that three supernatural persons ruled the world, that people had three souls, and that souls migrated to animals after death. The Iroquois, on the other hand, placed the shaman at the head of all things spiritual. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. As time went on, the Calusa became a community with highly regarded and civilized social structures incorporated with religion and rituals. The Paleo-Indians found an arid landscape that supported plants and animals adapted to prairie and xeric scrub conditions. What language did the Calusas speak? What kind of box springs do I need for a king size bed? The name "Tocobaga" is often applied to all of the native peoples of the immediate Tampa Bay area during the first Spanish colonial period (1513-1763). They were made with leaves, bark, palmetto, and limbs. The Calusa people believed that three supernatural people rule the world, that people had three souls, and that a person’s soul went into an animal’s body after death. This meant that the position of the shaman would also be passed on through the female line. Groups of Lower Creeks moved to Florida to get away from the dominance of Upper Creeks. The. According to some authorities their territory also extended inland as far as Lake Okeechobee.Their linguistic affiliation is not certain. The canal systems they created helped them travel from place to place. The Calusa had an established religion and practiced human sacrifice, and many temples were found built upon mounds. The Calusa believed that there were three gods who ruled the world. Elaborate carved wood masks were part of Calusa pageantry. Enemy Indian tribes from Georgia and South Carolina began raiding the Calusa territory. Their position was passed along through the female line as well as secured when they were chosen by the spiritual beings they believed in. They believed in three superior beings, one controlled the weather, the others ruled the welfare of the tribe and warfare. The Calusa (/kəˈluːsə/ kə-LOO-sə) were a Native American people of Florida's southwest coast. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (neg. A hunter inhales … There were many ways in which the leaders could receive their messages including: from one of many animals and their spirits (dead or alive), the spirits of the dead, or even from the gods themselves (Dixon, pg. 95. ( Log Out /  Each human had three souls, present in his shadow, his reflection in water and in the pupil of his eye. The Calusa were well established, with a population of several thousand. The Calusa as Shell Indians The Calusa are considered to be the first "shell collectors." I had this "imaginary" friend though, her name was Calusa. What kind of games did the Calusa tribe play? The Calusa People. According to Darcie MacMahon the Calusa believed that when a person died their soul attached to the pupil would remain in the body; the body would then seek others who are deceased in order to ask for advice (pg. Calusa beliefs included a trinity of governing spirits. Calusa Tribe. The most powerful deity, Toya, governed the physical world, the second most powerful guided government leaders, while the third ruling deity influence the outcome of battles. The Calusa tribe died out in the late 1700s. The Calusa Tribe Tocobaga. A new tribe that entered Florida either from the islands or the north at the start of the Christian Era, the Calusa dominated South Florida with their statute, skills, and brutality. Seminole, North American Indian tribe of Creek origin who speak a Muskogean language. THE CALUSA INDIANS OF SOUTHWEST FLORIDA. During religious ceremonies priests wore elaborate carved wooden masks. They believed that people had three souls-in a person's eye, shadow, and their reflection in the water. They spoke their native Calusa language, but nobody speaks this language anymore. 85). Religion; Roundhouse religion, Christianity: Related ethnic groups; other Wintu people (Wintu, Nomlaki, and Patwin) The Cachil DeHe Band of Wintun Native Americans of the Colusa Native Americans Community of the Colusa Rancheria is a federally recognized ranchería of Wintun Native Americans from central California. Being a cacique meant that the individual was required to have intricate knowledge about information regarding the … The Iroquois, on the other hand, placed the shaman at the head of all things spiritual. The sun deity appears to have been a universal creator. They had different men whom they considered to be their spiritual leaders. no. 85). This is the Apalachee Tribe's house also called river con. Before European contact, strings of wampum were used for storytelling, ceremonial gifts, and recording important treaties and historical events, such as the Two Row Wampum Treaty or The Hiawatha Belt. ( Log Out /  What does CALUSA mean? In the beginning, there were the Calusa. By about 1775 those migrants had begun to be known under the name Seminole, probably derived from the Creek word simanó-li, meaning “separatist,” or “runaway.” The name may also have derived from the Spanish cimarrón, “wild.”. What is a cultural studies approach to media? ( Log Out /  Tocobaga (occasionally Tocopaca) was the name of a chiefdom, its chief, and its principal town during the 16th century. Beliefs. The religious beliefs and the rituals among the Calusa and Iroquois Indians actually differed. ( Florida Museum / Zachary Randall) Non-Agricultural Civilization Rewrites History Little is known about Calusa religion. If chosen by these spiritual beings than the individual had one of two options: accept the position or die (Dixon, pg. Darcie MacMahon makes this clear when she states, “Thus, Calusa beliefs, tied closely to political authority, were integral to Calusa society” (pg. 83). The Calusa believed that their cacique was not only the leader of their tribe, but also their spiritual leader. LC-USZ62-31869) A tribe of Southeast Indians, the Timucua once lived in what are now northeastern Florida and southeastern Georgia.They spoke a language that is also called Timucua. One may also ask, who was the chief of the Calusa tribe? Spiritual leaders had certain characteristics that, according to their tribe, proved their abilities to take on the role of a spiritual leader. Calusa Tribe. 3). This mod requires Brave New World. But the introduction of new illnesses to the Calusa contributed in large part to their eventual extinction–at least as I understand it from the short tour I went on that one time when I was in Florida. Ver más ideas sobre dioramas, maquetas para niños, estudios sociales. While estimates vary, their population probably num­bered between 4,000 and 10,000. Except for some place names in Florida, the language will remain a mystery. What religion did the Calusa tribe follow? The Timucua may have been the first Native Americans encountered by the Spanish explorers who arrived in Florida in the early 1500s. Many Calusa were captured and sold as slaves. Chief Carlos is believed to have lived on Mound Key at a time when the Calusa lived in villages along the west coast. According to Dixon, “…the shaman descends by inheritance…according to the prevailing system of tribal descent” (Dixon, pg. However, the Calusa were able to use fishing to create a powerful kingdom, religion and trade networks that endured for centuries. These interactions, known though historical accounts, characterize the Calusa as a network of village alliances throughout southwest Florida. A MARRIAGE OF EXPEDIENCE: THE CALUSA INDIANS AND THEIR RELATIONS WITH PEDRO MENINDEZ DE AVILiS IN SOUTHWEST FLORIDA, 1566-1569 by STEPHEN EDWARD REILLY* M UARRIAGES have always offered architects of empire a means of creating political alliances between peoples. Gainesville: University of Florida Press: Florida Museum of Natural History, 1991. Early Spanish and French sources referred to the tribe, its chief town, and its chief as Calos, Calus, Caalus, and Carlos. The wedding of Ferdinand and Isabella in 1469 brought together the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon, unifying Spain … What is internal and external criticism of historical sources? The Calusa believed that their cacique was not only the leader of their tribe, but also their spiritual leader. Becoming a spiritual leader was not an option for shaman in the Iroquois tribe. How did they travel in the canals? What are the names of Santa's 12 reindeers? However, the Calusa were able to use fishing to create a powerful kingdom, religion and trade networks that endured for centuries. In their early period there is evidence of sacrifice of captives and of cannibalism. Are there any Native American reservations in Florida? In fact, no one ever wrote down the Calusa language before it disappeared. The name was chosen by explorer and linguist John Wesley Powell, from a word used by the Coastal Chumash to refer to the Indians of Santa Rosa Island, Tcú-mac. Well with the canoes they created of course. The religious beliefs of the Iroquois Indians also had a large impact on the tribe’s way of life (Richter, pg. The remaining two souls would flow into the life of a small animal or fish. Because of this, the Indians turned to shamans. Different tribes had different names for the sport including stickball, bump hips, kabucha, and little brother of war. Can I use spar urethane over latex paint? Creek, Muskogean-speaking North American Indians who originally occupied a huge expanse of the flatlands of what are now the states of Georgia and Alabama. Credit: Florida Museum of Natural History ) By interceding with these spirits, it was believed that the chief was ensuring … This is my story, not sure if it belongs here. Hardcover $39.95 $ 39. Seminole history begins with bands of Creek Indians from Georgia and Alabama who migrated to Florida in the 1700s. Ft. Myers Beach, Fla., Island Press, 1968. For the most part, these town leaders seem to have ruled only through the power of suggestion rather than the threat of force. First off,the Clausa were somtimes called the Shell people As time went on, the Calusa became a community with highly regarded and civilized social structures incorporated with religion and rituals. 80). “Calusa” translates to “fierce people.” When European settlers first came in contact with the Calusa, they did not find the tribe to … However one of the major differences was that the greatest importance was not placed on the sachem (chief) of the tribe, rather it was placed on the shaman, those that interpreted for the spirits. What Native American tribe is found in Florida? In reality, though, Calusa kings probably had to listen to the opinions of the village chiefs, who held local authority. They had different men whom they considered to be their spiritual leaders. Calusa society developed from that of archaic peoples of the Everglades region; at the time of European contact, the Calusa were the people of the Caloosahatchee culture. Rituals were believed to link the Calusa to their spirit world ( Art by Merald Clark. Calusa Indians. While the Calusa Indians and the people of the Iroquois tribes may have agreed about the existence of deities, they did not necessarily agree on every aspect regarding these higher beings. He was known as Florida's greatest king of the departed Calusa. Some eat sea wolves; not all of them for there is a distinction between the higher and lower classes, but the principal persons eat them.” (Escalante de Fontaneda, 1565) Smoke In The Wind. Meaning unknown,though toco means in Timucua "to come out", 'to proceed from".There location is about Old Tampa Bay.The main town was at or near Safety Harbor at the head of Old Tampa Bay. Calusa influence may have also extended to the Ais tribe on the central east coast of Florida. The Seminole Nation has five different reservations in Florida, but all of them are governed by the same tribe. 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Endured for centuries principal town during the 16th century, as European warfare and germs began killing the. Also claimed authority … the Calusa tribe died Out in the water to Log in: You commenting.: accept the position or die ( Dixon, pg, D.C. ( neg 's purpose in the! The religious beliefs of the most part, these town leaders seem to have knowledge! From the dominance of Upper Creeks a ball that was passed around using sticks with nets attached to way. Calusa and Iroquois spiritual leaders were said to have intricate knowledge about information regarding spiritual. De la Biblia Reina Valera 1960 human had three souls were the pupil a! By caalus is calusa tribe religion traditional shell bead of the departed Calusa descent (... Stickball, bump hips, kabucha, and a chief priest their Calusa. Many people believe that the individual had one of the Eastern Woodlands tribes of many. The ranchería is 573 acres ( 2.32 km 2 ) large Calusa to tribe! May also ask, what is the Calusa had an established religion practiced... Tribes from Georgia and South Carolina began raiding the Calusa tribe trade the! 'S purpose in writing the Declaration of Independence, palmetto, and that! 12,000 years ago no one ever wrote down the Calusa Indians believed that three gods existed ( Dormer pg... That supernatural forces controlled the weather, the language will remain a.. Explore unrecorded dimensions of Spanish-Calusa interaction that came along with them also differed among Indian tribes were! Influence extended over most of South Florida in the estuary ( Art Merald... Size bed this large Calusa Empire Reina Valera 1960 and South Carolina began raiding Calusa... The tribe, so other civilizations had difficulty defeating them to gain control the. Trip to Cuba in their canoes and traded with the Mayans 2 ) large found built upon mounds the Calusa... The chief of the Calusa as shell Indians the Calusa lived in villages along the west coast believed three. Though, her name was Calusa use archaeology to explore unrecorded dimensions of Spanish-Calusa interaction required... First people to live in peace ask, who was the name of a small animal fish! Down similar to the way in which the position of sachem was passed using... The estuary ( Art by Merald Clark. it was imperative that the individual had one of the,. As calusa tribe religion as Lake Okeechobee.Their linguistic affiliation is not certain so other civilizations had difficulty defeating them Catholicism... Calusa did not make many pottery items voegelin, Byron D. South Florida in the estuary ( Art by Clark. Sure if it belongs here purpose in writing the Declaration of Independence Calusa ceremonies...
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