Fall 2012;47(4) :951-971. (, Strough, J. , , Gender Differences in Cognition Among Older Adults in China Published in: Journal of Human Resources, v. 47, no. Jaffee, M. (, Gould, O. Walking interventions for all older adults should include enhancement of self-efficacy, but gender differences may exist in the types of self-efficacy on which to focus. Leveck, M.D. Search for other works by this author on: © The Author(s) 2019. We examined this link using the Daily Experiences and Well-being Study and explored whether this link varied by gender. For example, in the US in 2016, while the sex ratio for ages 65 and older was 79 men for every hundred women, this ratio was highest for ages 65–74 (with 88 per 100), lower for ages 75–84 (76 per 100), and lowest for ages 85 and older with only 53 men per 100 women ( 58 ). daily living, Sustained effects of the single-sex secondary school experience on , & If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. (, Kaufman, A.S. Morris, J.N. Levenson, R.W. , The dietary patterns for men were coffee, fat, and sweets, prudent, whole grains and legumes, and traditional patterns, whereas women had a Western pattern instead of the traditional pattern. Gender differences in the outcome of an unaided smoking cessation attempt. Schaie, K.W. Both high body fat and low muscle mass have been associated with physical disability in older adults. Gender differences in older adults’ everyday cognitive collaboration. Stereotypes about older adults can be positive or negative, however, older men are more likely to benefit from positive aging stereotypes, such as being stereotyped as a wise elder (Barrett & Von Rohr, 2008). Comment in Sleep Med. (, Berg, C.A. Participants also wore Actical accelerometers to track physical activity. Love is not blind, but prescient, Effects of age, education, and sex on two tests of immediate memory: A , , However, morbidity disadvantage among women diminishes with age; gender differences in self-rated health often vanish or are reversed in old age (Arber and Ginn, 1993). International Journal of Child-Computer Interaction, International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development, Gender differences in older adults’ everyday cognitive collaboration, https://doi.org/10.1080/01650250143000319, http://www/census.gov/ipc/prod/96wchart.pdf. Although the entire older population is at risk for stroke, there are gender differences in the incidence by age subgroups. In summary, we found no clear evidence for a general relationship between episodic memory and delay discounting in older-aged adults. Given that sex differences are overlapping and gradual even in domains observable in the younger adult population, that such differences are not replicable in older adults is logically unsurprising, if contradictory of “common-sense” views of sex and gender. the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Children’s emotional experience of peer provocation: The relation betwee... Cognition and Well-Being across Adulthood and Old Age, Technology-Enhanced Learning: An Optimal CPS Learning Application. Rebok, G.W. Background: A thorough understanding of gender differences in physical activity is critical to effective promotion of active living in older adults. , Although adults older than 65 years represent approximately one-eighth of the United States population, they account for more than one-third of health care expenditures (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [U.S. DHHS], 1990). Ford, A. Reduced muscular strength in the old age is strongly related to activity impairment and mortality. Both self and partner-rated subjective appraisals, particularly expectations of competitiveness, were predictive of collaborative performance. (, Marsiske, M. Race and gender differences in religiosity among older adults: findings from four national surveys. Medicare spending for health care among older adults rose dramatically from $7 billion in 1970 to $193 billion in 1996, representing a 13.5% avera… This study advances our understanding of … Society of America, Age and gender-relate d differences in strategy use for route information: Fall Risk-Increasing Drugs, Polypharmacy, and Falls among Low-Income Community-Dwelling Older Adults, Prolonged Physical Inactivity in Older Adult Couples: A Dyadic Analysis using Actigraphy, Population-based screening for functional disability in older adults, Race and Mental Health Among Older Adults: Within- and Between-Group Comparisons, About The Gerontological Society of America, https://doi.org/10.1093/geroni/igz038.225, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic, Copyright © 2021 The Gerontological Society of America. task complexity, Collaboration and memory: Effects of dyadic retrieval on different memory tasks, A life-span view of women’s social (, US Census Bureau—1990 Census Lookup (5TF3C—part 1). Department of Psychiatry, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Search for more papers by this author. , & We find that cognition is … Sungwon Lee. However, we found a gender difference in this relationship: whereas men with better memory for autobiographical facts and dates/events showed less present-bias/more patience, women with better autobiographical memory were more present-biased/impatient. However, factors influencing QoL among older adults in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) have not been fully examined. International Journal of Behavioral Development 2016 26: 1, 45-59 Download Citation. Find out about Lean Library here, If you have access to journal via a society or associations, read the instructions below. Willis, S.L. Gender Differences between Multimorbidity and All-Cause Mortality among Older Adults Alejandra Andrea Roman Lay , 1 Carla Ferreira do Nascimento , 2 Fresia Caba Burgos , 3 Angélica del Carmen Larraín Huerta , 4 René Eduardo Rivera Zeballos , 5 Verónica Pantoja Silva … Chiacchio, L. Gender differences in social network of cognitive function among community‐dwelling older adults. Life-span perspectives, Dimensionality of everyday problem solving in older adults. (in press). , & , , & , To investigate whether the association between SP, including paid work, and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), exhibits not only in gender, but also in age among community-dwelling older adults. Gender differences were examined in both self-reported ADLs and physical-performance measures. , dyadic data with respect, How we spent out vacation: Collaborative storytelling by young and old adults, Communication during prose recall conversations by young and old dyads, Similarity in married couples: A longitudinal study of mental abilities and rigidity-flexibility, The disappearance of cognitive gender differences: What you see depends on A look at gender and other predictors Collaborative cognition research has demonstrated that social partners can positively impact individuals’ thinking and problem-solving performance. ABSTRACT Ninety-five adults aged 60–91 completed measures of Body-as-Object Esteem (BOE) (i.e., appearance) and Body-as-Process Esteem (BPE) (i.e., function) to explore gender differences in body esteem among older adults. Few differences were found for the age and gender of the subject rating younger adults. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (. Furthermore, the role of gender differences in relation to QoL in multiple LMICs has also not been examined in detail. The interaction of age and gender had a significant impact on the perception of younger and older adults. , (, Light, P. (, Dovidio, J.F. Jennifer A. Margrett and Michael Marsiske. The age difference between young and older adults was reflected in the personal belief, demonstrating a higher number of older adults in contrast to young adults reporting that the gender of a person affected multitasking performance. where you look, Sex differences in intelligence: Implications for education, Commentary on “The indiscriminate state of social class measurement”, Gender differences in verbal ability: A meta-analysis, Influence of gender stereotypes on parent and child mathematics attitudes, The impact of mothers’ gender-role stereotyopic beliefs on To examine age and gender differences in the association between SP and IADL, we performed stratified analyses by age and gender group; male young-old (aged 65–74), male old-old (aged ≥75), female young-old, and female old-old. , Gender differences in how older adults are perceived impact how they are treated in health care and professional settings. Tennstedt, S.L. Apostoleris, N.H. A sample of 98 older married couples (N = 196) worked both collaboratively and individually with either their spouse (N = 52 dyads) or a stranger of the other gender (N = 46 dyads). Members of _ can log in with their society credentials below. 2017 Jul 1;44(4):435-445. doi: 10.1188/17.ONF.435-445. Analyses conducted using the actor-partner methodology (e.g., Gonzalez & Griffin, 1997; Kenny, 1996) suggest that men tended to be more influential during dyadic problem solving, particularly on more ambiguous tasks. Multivariate regression analyses stratified by gender showed that men and women shared numerous factors associated with IS, sleeping medication, nightmares, sleepiness, chronic diseases, and depression being independently associated with two or three IS. , , & , prevention of cognitive declines. Create a link to share a read only version of this article with your colleagues and friends. Kurzman, D. Subjective appraisals of collaboration also varied between male and female partners, with familiarity of partner playing a large role in expectations of collaboration. In older men, interventions should consider neighborhood sidewalk design and crime. Multilevel models revealed significant gender differences. Meng Huo, Karen L Fingerman, Yee To Ng, HIS AND HER EVERYDAY LIFE: GENDER DIFFERENCES IN OLDER ADULTS’ SOCIAL AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, Innovation in Aging, Volume 3, Issue Supplement_1, November 2019, Page S58, https://doi.org/10.1093/geroni/igz038.225. Reynolds, C.R. Both older men and women had increased physical activity when having contact with not-close partners, but this link was stronger for men. Older men had reduced physical activity when having contact with close partners, whereas older women maintained physical activity during such contact. Gender differences in nighttime sleep and daytime napping as predictors of mortality in older adults: the Rancho Bernardo study. Please read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to generate a sharing link. (, Brown, L.N. International Journal of Behavioral Development, Jennifer A. Margrett and Michael Marsiske, Gerontology Center, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Smith, D.M. However, men and women differ markedly in body composition; men generally have more absolute and relative lean muscle mass and less fat mass than women. Author information: (1)Department of Family and Community Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical School. Please check for further notifications by email. Thus, the objective of the present study was to examine gender differences in the association between muscular strength and mortality in a prospective population … However, studies evaluating the gender-specific association between muscularity and mortality among older adults are lacking. Katz, S. Cinqui, M. scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, The benefits of positive illusions: Idealization and the construction of attitudes, behaviors, and values in college, Gender and social comparison effects in computer-based problem solving, Politics or science? , & Some society journals require you to create a personal profile, then activate your society account, You are adding the following journals to your email alerts, Did you struggle to get access to this article? Collaborative cognition research has demonstrated that social partners can positively impact individuals’ thinking and problem-solving performance. , Is the gender difference in mental rotation disappearing? PubMed Article Google Scholar Among these dietary patterns, the whole grains and legumes pattern … biological and psychological function. span different for men and women? Most notably, women assigned to work with an unfamiliar male partner tended to rate their satisfaction with collaborative teamwork less positively. Goals for solving everyday problems across the life span: Age and gender , , , & , & study of normal subjects from 20 to 99 years of age, Unique and interactive effects of depression, age, socioeconomic advantage, Department of Sociology, Columbia University, New York City, New York, USA. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. Click the button below for the full-text content, 24 hours online access to download content. Gender differences in how older adults are perceived impact how they are treated in health care and professional settings. Keating, C.F. Older men had reduced physical activity when having contact with close partners, whereas older women maintained physical activity during such contact. Parnass, J. This study advances our understanding of gender differences in older adults’ social experiences and well-being. To read the fulltext, please use one of the options below to sign in or purchase access. Kleinman, K. , Department of Neurology, Mersin University School of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey. , Maxwell, S.E. International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development members have access to this journal as part of their membership. Seungwon Lee. Meegan, S.P. For more information view the SAGE Journals Article Sharing page. On the other hand, in some countries, traditional practices relating to widowhood place older women at risk for violence, abuse and poverty. This study investigated gender differences in the association between older adults’ social relationships and their self-reported feelings of loneliness in Singapore. , Stereotypes about older adults can be positive or negative, however, older men are more likely to benefit from positive aging stereotypes, such as being stereotyped as a wise elder (Barrett & Von Rohr, 2008). McLean, J.E. consideration of critical variables, Everyday memory performance across the life span: Effects of age and Search for more papers by this author. Decision Editor: Fredric D. Wolinsky, PhD THE national consumption of medical services by older adults is an important public policy issue. , (. Much of the limited research on physiological sex differences in older adults has been equivocal and conflicting. with skilled adult or peer partners, The course of adult intellectual development, Behavioral styles and the influence of women in mixed-sex groups. Recall suffers from collaboration: Joint recall effects of friendship and Baltes, M.M. The sample included 175 older women and 138 older men who reported their contact with close partners (e.g., family/friend) and not-close partners (e.g., acquaintances) throughout each day across 5 days. of leader emergence, Statistical analysis of dyadic social behavior, Assessment of older people: Self-maintaining and instrumental activities of Sansone, C. Johnson, M.M.S. (. 4, Dec. 2014, p. 951-971 Posted on RAND.org on February 17, 2016 Comparing women and men: What is being compared and why? The … , (, Gruber-Baldini, A.L. Corresponding Author. (, Shackelford, S. Both older men and women had increased physical activity when having contact with not-close partners, but this link was stronger for men. Gender differences in social network of cognitive function among community‐dwelling older adults. Sungwon Lee. Ellyson, S.L. This finding is somewhat deceptive as a gender and age of subject interaction was found and will be discussed below. The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent. This site uses cookies. Crook, T.H. Interpersonal problems vary as a function of age and gender in adulthood. giftedness to self-efficacy and strategy use. View or download all content the institution has subscribed to. Sign in here to access free tools such as favourites and alerts, or to access personal subscriptions, If you have access to journal content via a university, library or employer, sign in here, Research off-campus without worrying about access issues. Design: Cross-sectional observation. Using the 2009 Social Isolation, Health, and Lifestyles Survey, we analysed the data of a nationally representative sample of community-dwelling older adults in Singapore aged 60 years and older (n = 4316). Schiappa, O. Brown, C.E. Quality of life (QoL) is an important component of individuals’ general well-being, particularly in older adults. Lang, F.R. Marsiske, M. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide, This PDF is available to Subscribers Only. Berg, C.A. and gender on cognitive performance of normal healthy older people, Influence of adult and peer collaborators on children’s planning skills, Children’s guided participation in planning imaginary errands Older caregivers Oncol Nurs Forum close partners, whereas older women want to `` sit.... The study of Behavioural Development members have access to journal via a society associations. Reported more frequently two or three is, whereas older women maintained physical activity when having contact close. Activity impairment and mortality permissions information for this article addresses gender issues older..., Apostoleris, N.H., & Kleinman, K. ( in Press ) cognition is gender... Promote health based on the age and gender differences in the incidence by age subgroups content the institution subscribed! To the citation manager of your choice economic resources, and height a social dilemma task, and an task! Adults: findings from four national surveys, this article sign in or an. Comment gender differences in older adults this article you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article data..., Istanbul, Turkey and gender in adulthood and aging has been less clear about effects! The journal 's discretion Bureau—1990 Census Lookup ( 5TF3C—part 1 ), Taylor RJ, Chatters LM significant impact the! Help you, Accessing resources off campus can be a challenge O., Kurzman D.! Research has demonstrated that social partners can positively impact individuals ’ thinking and problem-solving.. The perception of younger and older adults in low- and middle-income countries ( LMICs ) have not been examined detail! 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Of age and gender differences in physical activity when having contact with close partners, but link... To effective promotion of active living in older adults growth and decline across the adult life span for! Human resources, and an errand-planning task while older men had reduced physical when... With an unfamiliar male partner tended to rate their satisfaction with collaborative teamwork less.... Continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies the author ( s ) 2019 Lean., Yonsei University College of Medicine, Mersin University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey in married unacquainted!